In schooling, it seems the rule of three applies. Here’s a few:
- Elmore’s instructional core: content, teacher skill/knowledge and student engagement;
- Bransford et al’s theory of how people learn: connections, context and metacognition;
- Dr Peter Hill’s three goals for the national curriculum: personalised, professional and precision.
- Susan LaRosa and Dr Bill Hogarth from York District in Canada believe high performing systems should focus on: relationships, relationships and relationships.
And Stephen Heppell’s simple rule of three for 21st century learning spaces:
- No more than three walls so that there is never full enclosure and the space is multifaceted rather than just open.
- No fewer than three points of focus so that the “stand-and-deliver” model gives way to increasingly varied groups learning and presenting together (which by the way requires a radical rethinking of furniture).
- Ability to accommodate three teachers/adults with their children. The old standard size of about 30 students in a box robbed children of so many effective practices; these larger spaces allow for better alternatives.
My three for pedagogical leadership are resilience, relentless and radical. Anyone else?